Recommended Readings

This page provides some recommended readings (e.g., Why GIScience matters, and  how to carry out research effectively).

About Why GIScience Matters

(PDF if not retrievable)

“Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are ways to organize, present, and analyze spatial and geographic data. You probably don’t realize it, but Waze or Google Maps fall within the realm of GISscience. Both of these apps likely benefit you daily. The Johns Hopkins University is maintaining an excellent Coronavirus tracking website, which gathers information from multiple data sources. “


The coming-out party for AI is due to three factors, according to Joseph Sirosh, corporate vice president of artificial intelligence and research at Microsoft. The first is the massive compute power now available in the cloud or on premises, which allows data to be processed into insight. The second is the data unleashed by digital transformation, including sensors that relay information via the Internet of Things (IoT), GPS and mobile devices that report accurate locations, and innumerable other sources. Sirosh calls data the oxygen of artificial intelligence.”

The third pillar of AI is the algorithms that fuel its intelligence. Recent innovations have provided AI with “the ability for computers to learn from every type of data, make predictions, and act without being programmed explicitly,” Sirosh says.’

“Together, those forces help AI mimic—and in some cases, outperform—humans’ abilities to see, analyze, communicate with, and make predictions about the world around them.”


AI, informed by location data, helps organizations reason and interact with the increasingly sophisticated world around us,” Sirosh says.

“If I had to put it in one term,” Menon adds, “AI is basically about decision-making—smarter decision making.”



‘As Raad emphasized in [153], “When data volume swells beyond a human’s ability to discern the patterns in it … GIS, infused with artificial intelligence, can help executives make better decisions”, we share the same vision that GIScience researchers need to bring M&DL into our community, and start to build GeoAI.’ (From Yang et al 2018)


About How to Carry Out Research Effectively

(PDF if it is not retrieval)

(PDF if it is not retrievable)

Zeller, S., and D. Rogers (2020), Visualizing science: How color determines what we see, Eos, 101, Published on 21 May 2020.

“Color plays a major role in the analysis and communication of scientific information. New tools are helping to improve how color can be applied more accurately and effectively to data.”

The purpose of visualization is insight, not pictures: An interview with visualization pioneer Ben Shneiderman

(PDF if it is not retrievable)



About Time Management

The best time management strategy I have seen so far. Try it, you will see it is effective. I have a chance to work and interact with Dr. Devi Parikh for my DIRA workshop at CVPR 2020, she is super nice, very friendly, knowledgeable  and very productive.  Most importantly, she has a great heart that is willing to help others to do better. You can feel this through her wonderful time management post.

(by Amantha Imber; Harvard Business Review; February 05, 2021 )


Ever come out of a 12-hour workday feeling exhausted, yet not productive enough? We spend our days trying to tick things off our to-do list, and still, it feels like we haven’t done enough, or worse, haven’t been efficient. How we can be more productive in ways that feel manageable and good?

      • Align your most important work with your chronotype. Schedule work that requires your most intense brain power with your energy peaks.
      • Plan your day the night before. Do it at the end of your workday so that whatever needs to be tackled tomorrow is still fresh in your head.
      • Develop different rituals (like where and when you work) for different types of tasks. Over time, your brain will associate those physical and temporal cues with those tasks.
      • Avoid blocking your calendar 100%. A fully blocked day can give you a false sense of productivity and leaves no time for moments of creativity and inspiration.


Fun fact: 96% percent of people check their mobile phone within one hour of waking up in the morning (and a whopping 61% take a peek within the first five minutes).

While it may seem harmless, checking our phones as soon as we open our eyes sets us up to have a “reactive” kind of day.

Think about it.

If the first thing you do when you roll out of bed is open your email, read your texts, or listen to your voicemails, you are essentially putting yourself second. Whether good, bad, or no news awaits, you are letting other people set your mood for the day.